(Prainia limpato)

A tree of limpato

Family: Moraceae

Synonyms: Artocarpus limpato,  Prainea cuspidata

Other names: Buruni, ematak, karon, kesusu

Limpato is a very less known but very tasty fruit from the humid tropics of South East Asia.  It grows in Peninsular Malaysia, Sumatra, Borneo (Sarawak, Sabah, East-Kalimantan), Moluccas, New Guinea. It grows wild in mixed dipterocarp forests upto 300 m occurring mostly on hill sides.


An evergreen, dioecious canopy tree upto 30 m high, 60 cm girth with grey brown bole, cracking to scaly, and crown width 3.0 to 5.8 m; inner bark is orange with white latex.

            Leaves alternate, simple glabrous to hairy below on 10-15 mm petioles; lamina oblong elliptic, obovate elliptic or elliptic, 10-13 cm by 4-13 cm, base cuneate, to rounded, apex mucronulate, penni-veined, 12-14 pairs of lateral leaves, distinct below on 8-22 mm long petioles.

Limpato foliage

            Inlorescence  unisexual, capitate, heads globbose to sub-globose, solitary or paired in leaf axils, flowers mixed with numerous pelateclavate or spathulate interfloral bracts, peranth free enclosing a single stamen or oavay; male head 15 cm across, globose, periant tubular, 1.4 mm long, perforate with 1.8 mm long stamen and bracts 0.3 mm peltate and ciliate on 3-4 mm long peduncle; mature female head 3.5 to 4.5 cm across, globose, loosely covered by numerous flowers and and yellow green spathulate. Ciliate bracts and fruiting peranths on long, puburulent peduncle 7.5-254 cm.

Fruiting perianths, 8-20, ellipsoid 1.5×1.0 cm, prude out of globose head, amongst the mass of unfertilized greenish-yellow flowers imparting an unusal peculiar and uniquqe irregularly radiating stellate mass, remainng unfrtilized prianths 4 mm long, with clavate apices and pubescent; fruiting peranth green, turning yellow turning yellow to bright orangey yello when ripe.

Limpato fruits

            Seed large, attached laterally near the base of fruiting perianth.


The fruits are edible.  They taste a pleasant blend of sweet and tart.

A ripe fruit of limpato

            The seeds are eaten in Papua and New Guinea.


Limpato has not been brought under cultivation.  The fruits are collected from the wild only.