An inflorescence of bairola
Synonyms: Cordia incana
Other names: Kumpaiman, Lassuri
Bairola is a medium sized tree that grows wild in North India and Pakistan. This is, however, not a plant of very common occurrence.
Bairola bears small fruits which are eaten mostly by children. This plant seems to be a native of this region only.
A deciduous polygamous tree with densely tomentose branchlets.
A shoot of bairola
Leaves 7-12 x 4.5-12 cm, broadly ovate to obovate, obtuse or acute, base truncate or cuneate, margin undulate. Upper surface scabrid and darker in colour, lower dense grey-white tomentose. Petiole up to 3.5 cm long.
Flowers in dense cymes, yellowish-white. Pedicel 8-15 mm, tomentose. Calyx 8-15 mm long, 5-lobed, ribbed, tomentose on the outside. Corolla tube equalling calyx, hairy within. Limb 11-12 mm broad; lobes 5, obtuse-crenulate, filaments hairy at base.
Bairola plant parts
Fruit ellipsoid drupe, 15-17 mm long.
The fruits are edible and eaten by local people. The fruit is said to have medicinal value. It is demulcent, expectorant and astringent in effects.
The wood is durable. It is used by villagers for making wheels. It is also for furniture, paneling, picture frames and ornamental boxes.
Bairola can be propagated by seed. It is not cultivated. However, chance seedlings growing here and there in the villages are protected by villagers.