×

An encyclopedia of edible fruits of the world.

Home

« »

BOROJO_Borojoa sorbilis

By parmarch08/11/20180

BOROJO
(Borojoa sorbilis)

Borojo tree

Family: Rubiaceae

Synonyms:  Alibertia sorbilis, Borojoa patino, Thieleodoxa sorbilis.

Other names: Parvi grande, purui grand.


Borojo is a fruit of the Amazon region.  It can be found wild as well as cultivated in commercial plantations.

             It seems to have been originated in the Amazonian region between Peru, Brazil and Bolivia.  It is widely distributed in Western South America.

            Borojo is being promoted as an energy fruit.  It is also said to have aphrodisiac effect.  So the demand for this fruit is increasing every year.

Description:

A small evergreen tree, 3-5 m tall, boles upto 20 cm, branches opposite.

            Leaves single, opposite, elliptic ovate to oblong ovate, 25-45×15-21 cm, petioles 1.5-3.0 cm.

            Male flowers white, arising in leaf axils on short pedicels; female flowers sub-sessile on short pedicels.

Unripe fruit

 

            Fruit large, 7 to 12 cm wide, green;  pulp brown, acid, and very dense, ripening on tree only.  The fruit falls down when ripe.

           Seeds many, 90 to 600 embedded in pulp.

Utilization:

Boroja is a climacteric fruit and cannot induced to ripen after picking.  The fruits when ripe, fall on the ground and picked from there.  The pulp is taken out and used to prepare juice, marmalades, ice-creams, candies, and wine

           Borojo is a highly energetic and nutritious fruit. It is reported to possess one of the highest levels of water soluble B vitamins among fruits.

Ripe fruit


Cultivation:

Boroja trees grow naturally in Amazonia in the rainy forests, on the rainy region of the Pacific coast of Colombia, where the annual average rain fall is more than 4,000 mm.  Average temperature is 28ºC and the relative humidity 85%.  It grows in the shade of other trees and adapts well up to 1,200 m altitude.

            So, naturally new plantations should be established where such environmental conditions exist.

            New trees of boroja can be raised from seed, cutting, aerial layering, or grafting.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *