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TAYBERRY_Rubus occidentalis

By parmarch17/12/20180

TAYBERRY
{
Logan berry (Aughinbaugh blackberry x red raspberry) x balackberry (Rubus occidentalis}

Tayberry plants in the field

Family: Rosaceae

Tayberry was evolved at the Scottish Crops Research Institute, Inver Gowrie, Scotland, by crossing loganberry (which is itself a cross between Aughinbaugh’ blackberry and red raspberry) and black raspberry.  The crosses were made by two fruit breeders Dr. Derek Jennings and Dr. David Mason of this institute in 1976.  The name “Tayberry” was given after the river Tay flowing in Scotland.  It was patented in 1979.

A bush of tayberry trained to grow on wall

            Tayberry fruits are sweeter as well as more aromatic than its parents.

Description:

A medium shrub, canes about 2 m long, prickly,  laterals short.

Fruits conical, 2.5 to 4 cm long, reddish purple at ripening.

Ripe fruits of tayberry ready for picking

Most morphological features are like those of blackberry.

Utlilization:

The fruits are good to eat and are more delicious than its parents.  These are eaten raw and also made into many products like jams, jellies, pie etc.  Tayberry juice makes a refreshing drink.  A very good wine is also made from tayberry fruits.

Flowers of tayberry

            Tayberry is a very healthful fruit.  It is low in calories and rich in fibre.  It is also a good source of antioxidants.

            Nutritive value of tayberry fruits is summarized in the following table:

NutrientAmount per 100g % USRDA
Calories251.3 (for 2000 cal/day)
Protein1.2g2.4
Lipid0.65g1.2
Carbohydrate11.94g9.2
Ash.46g
Table Sugar.2g
Glucose1.86g
Fructose2.35g
Water85.75g2.7
Sugar4.42g
Dietary Fiber6.5g20.3
Calcium2.5E-14g< 1
Iron6.9E-16g< 1
Magnesium2.2E-14g< 1
Phosphorus2.9E-14g<1
Potassium1.51E-13g<1
Sodium0g0
Zinc4.2E-16g<1
Copper0g0
Manganese6.7E-16g<1
Selenium0g0
Vitamin A33IU0.7
Retinol Activity Equivalents0g0
Beta-carotene1.2E-29g
Alpha-carotene1.6E-29g
Alpha-Tocopherol8.7E-16g
Lutien & zeaxanthin1.36E-28g
Beta-tocopherol0g0
Gamma-tocopherol1.42E-15g
Delta-tocopherol1.04E-15g
Vitamin C, B-Vitamins,Niacin, Thiamine and Folate<1

Cultivation:

Though tayberry bears fruits which are better than not only its parents, its parents but many of its relatives in the genus Rubus, its cultivation as an orchard fruit has not been able to pick up.  The reason for this is that hand picking of tayberry is not easy because of the prickles.  Machine harvesting is also not feasible.  Therefore fruit growers avaoid planting this bramble in their fruit orchards though it is a quite productive fruit and yield upto 12 tons per hectare is possible.  So tayberry is mostly grown as a backyard fruit.

            However, taybeery is a fairly adaptive plant and will grow on a variety of soils.  It is also a fairly cold hardy plant and can withstand temperatures upto -15 C.  It is also resistant to most diseases including yellow rust.

            New plants can be raised by planting canes in mid-October.

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