A tree of binjai
A tree of binjai
Synonyms: Mangifera verticillata
Other names: Belunu, malaysian mango.
Binjai is a fruit of
Leaves elliptic to lanceolate, more or less obovate, (7-)10-12(-30) cm x (3-)4-5.5(-10) cm, medium green and shiny above, paler below, often crowded at the end of stout branchlets, coriaceous, blunt or bluntly acuminate; midrib thick, flattened, raised above, base gradually decurrent; petiole stout, flattened, 1-1.5(-2.5) cm long.
Panicle terminal, 15-25(-40) cm long, much branched with stout rachis and branches, densely flowered, pale pink; flowers 5-merous, pale lilac, fragrant; petals linear, up to 10 mm long, not strongly reflexed as in most other mango flowers, only slightly reflexed in the upper part; fertile stamen 1, filament 5 mm long, white at base, purple towards the apex, 4 teeth-like staminodes; disc narrow, stipe-like, 1-1.5 mm long, pale green; ovary obliquely globose, reddish brown, style excentric, 8 mm long, white, becoming violet after anthesis.
Fruit an obovate-oblong drupe, necked at base, 12-15(-20) cm x 6-7(-12) cm; skin yellowish or pale brownish, very thin (1 mm); pulp whitish, soft and juicy, fibrous, with a peculiar sourish taste and strong smell at maturity. The 'wani' form: fruit ellipsoid, rounded, 9-11 cm x 6.5-7 cm, glossy pale green at maturity, flesh milky white; the best forms are almost fibreless with a sweet pleasant taste.
Binjai fruits are juicy and sweetish-sour and are
eaten fresh by local people. Binjai
is often used to prepare a spice based on chillies (sambal) which is
eaten with river fish. In some areas, the flesh of ripe fruit is pickled
and preserved with salt in jars.
This is used to make sambal when fresh fruits are not available.
Nutritive value: About 65% of the binjai fruit is edible. Per 100 g edible portion the constituents are: water 86.5 g, protein 1 g, fat 0.2 g, carbohydrates including fibre 11.9 g, ash 0.4 g, thiamine 0.08 mg, beta-carotene equivalent 0.005 mg and vitamin C 58 mg. The energy value is 200 kJ/100 g.
The wood is used for light construction. The density of the wood is 410-570 kg/m cubic at 15% moisture content
Binjai is propagated from seed only. Grafting by inarching might be feasible. However, it has not succeeded on mango seedlings.
Binjai grows well upto an elevation of 400 m. It seems to require rainfall almost through out the year.
A postage stamp on binjai released in Malaysia
Bijai is a very heavy bearer and a single tree can produce thousands of fruits. The fruit ripens 3 months after anthesis.
A planting distance of 12-16 seems to be the most optimum.
There is a variety or form called wani which is mainly found in