MOCAMBO
(Theobroma bicolor)
 

 

A plant of mocambo

 

 

Family: Sterculiaceae

Synonyms: Cacao bicolor

Other names: Peruvian cacao, tigr cocoa, motelo, patashte.

Mocambo is believed to have originated in Central America. It is widely cultivated in Mexico, Belize, Brazil, Colombia, Costa Rica, Ecuador, El Salvador, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama, Peru, Venezuela etc.
 

A fruit of mocambo

 

Description:

An evergreen tree, 5-8 m tall when under cultivation but growing upto height of even 30 m when growing wild in forests.
 

Leaves of a mocambo tree
 

            Leaves chartaceous, bicoloured, 15-35 cm long.

            Flowers n small dichasium on thin branches.
 

Mocambo flowers
 

            Fruits ellipsoid berries, 15-20 cm long and 10-13 cm wide, weight 0.5-3.0 kg, having a woody pericarp, with ten longitudinal segmnents, grey or greenish before maturity, yellow to yellowish brown when fully mature.

            Seeds 30-50 per fruit, wrapped in a succulent fibrous cream to yellow coloured pulp.

Utilization:

The pulp (aril) has a sort of uncommon odour.  It is mildly sweet.  The taste resembles somewhat that of Jackfruit.  Pulp is eaten fresh.  It is also used to prepare juice or ice creams. Pulp is also used in beverages and desserts. 




A ripe fruit of mocambo

            The seeds are used in soups, or fried as a snack. The seeds are consumed roasted, boiled, in pastry, and to prepare a poor quality chocolate. The beans are sometimes used to adulterate true cacao produce.

            The empty pods are used as containers and for starting plants.

Cultivation:

Mocambo is a fast growing tree and can be very productive.  It has a small canopy, and can be intercropped with many tree species. It prefers alluvial soils and tolerates minimal flooding. Some seem adapted to deep and prolonged flooding. Mocambo also does well in upland environments.

            It is propagated by seed.

            Mocambo coppices fairly well, and can produce fruit at times when other fruits are scarce.

 

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